Sunday, November 4, 2012

Selangor Sultanate : Part II

The Royal Regalia

Mahkota DYMM Sultan Selangor (Royal Crown)
Sultan of Selangor is one of the four Malay Rulers who wear a crown upon their coronation. The other rulers are the Sultan of Kelantan, Sultan of Terengganu and Sultan of Johor. The Royal Crown was made for the installation and coronation of Sultan Ala'eddin Suleiman Shah by two jewellers in Penang in 1903.

 The Royal Crown is mounted with diamonds, rubies and precious stoned with aigrette composed entirely of diamonds.
Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin wearing the Royal crown as part of his regalia in a portrait

Tengkolok Diraja (Royal Headdress)
The Sultan of Selangor wears the Royal Headress on importany and auspicious occasions. It was designated with a diamond coronet bearing the inscription of the Sultan's crest.
Sultan Sharafuddin wearing the Royal headdress when he officiates the opening of the state assembly

Keris Beruk Berayun (Long Kris)
This keris symbolises the right of the Sultan of Selangor to rule. The keris has a straight lade unlike the usual keris.  The previous Sultan of Selangor , Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz  Shah has never been photographed with it. However, the current Sultan of Selangor, Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah wearing the sword in his official portrait and it was used during his installation and coronation. It's blade is never taken out for public  viewing except during the proclamation of Tengku Idris Shah as the Sultan of Selangor in 2001.
Keris Beruk Berayun

Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah holding the Keris Beruk Berayun in his portrait

Baju Layang (Royal Robe)
The Royal robe is worn during the installation and coronation of the Sultan of Selangor. The embroidered emblem is the Selangor "DK ", the highest award of the state. Eachrobe is custom made for each Sultan.
Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah wearing the Royal Robe during his coronation in 2003

Keris Terapang Gabus (Golden Kris)
The Sultan of Selangor, Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah wears this Keris as his attire in the official portrait. It was worn by Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah when he attended the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1952. The Sheath of this keris was made up of spongy wood or gabus.

Keris Gading Diraja (Royal Ivory Kris)
Keris Gading Diraja is one of the Royal Regalia in Selangor.

Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah holding Keris Gading Diraja as part of his royal regalia.

Sultanate of Selangor : Part I

The Sultans of Selangor

 The Sultans of Selangor are descended from a Bugis dynasty that claim descent from the rulers of Luwu in the southern part of Celebes (today known as Sulawesi). Nobles from this bloodline were involved in the dispute over the Johor-Riau Sultanate in the early 18th century, eventually placing their full support in the cause of Sultan Abdul Jalil of the Bendahara dynasty against the claimant to the Malaccan lineage, Raja Kechil. For this reason, the Bendahara rulers of Johor-Riau established close relations with the Bugis nobles, providing them with titles and control over many areas within the empire, including Selangor

Sultan Salehuddin
Raja Lumu was proclaimed as the first Sultan of Selangor by the Sultan of Perak, Sultan Mahmud Shah II. He was installed as Sultan Salehuddin and left Perak with a royal seal and Nobat as symbols of kingship.
Raja Lumu was the son of the Yamtuan Muda of Riau, Daeng Chelak.

Sultan Ibrahim
The son of Sultan Salehuddin, Raja Ibrahim was proclaimed as the second Sultan of Selangor in 1784. Raja Ibrahim was installed as Sultan Ibrahim and he reigned until 1826 after Selangor became a fully independent State.

Sultan Muhammad
Sultan Muhammad became the third Sultan of Selanngor after he ascended his father's throne in 1826. He was conferred the title Raja Muda by his father, Sultan Ibrahim although he was not the eldest son. He was installed and crowned according to Bugis tradition.

Sultan Abdul Samad
Raja Abdul Samad was the grandson to the second Sultan of Selangor, Sultan Ibrahim. He became the Sultan of Selangor because the Raja Muda (Crown Prince), Raja Mahmud Sultan Muhammad was only 13 years old when his father passed awayin 1857. Sultan Abdul Samad was never formally installed because there were calls for the Sultan to abdicate after Raja Jumaat's death.

Sultan Ala'eddin Sulaiman Shah
Raja Suleiman was the first son to Raja Muda Musa. He was born in 1865 in Kuala Selangor. He was installed as the Sultan of Selangor to succeed his grandfather, Sultan Abdul Samad. His Proclamation as the Sultan of Selangor was held on 17th February 1898 at Istana Jugra and crowned at Astana Mahkota Puri on 22 October 1903.

Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah
Tengku Alam Shah ascended the throne after the death of his father. He was born on 13th May 1898 as the third son of Sultan Ala'eddin Sulaiman Shah. He was appointed as Tengku Panglima Raja in 1920 and Tengku Laksamana in 1931. He was installed as the Raja Muda of Selangor in July 1936. Japanese Occupation. He ascended the throne again British regained control of Malaya in 1945. Sultan Hisamuddin was elected as the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1957. He was proclaimed as the second Yang di-Pertuan Agong upon the death of Tuanku Abdul Rahman in 1960. However, he died in his office a few months after his proclamation and a few hours before his installation.

Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah 
Tengku Musa Eddin was the eldest son to Sultan Ala'eddin Sulaiman Shah. He was born in 1893 and elected as the heir apparent in 1920. He was installed as the Sultan of Selangor as Sultan Musa Ghiatuddin Riayat Shah in 1942 during Japanese Occupation. He was dethroned during the return of British in 1945.

Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Alhaj
Tengku Abdul Aziz Shah was born on 8th March 1926 in Kuala Langat. Tengku Abdul Aziz was the son to to Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah. He became the Tengku Laksamana in 1946 and was elected as the Raja Muda (Crown Prince) in 1950. He was proclaimed as Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah on 3rd September 1960 upon his father's death. He was installed and crowned on 28th June 1961. Sultan Salahuddin died in his office as Yang di Pertuan Agong on 21st November 2001 after he was elected in 1999.

Sultan Sharafuddin Idris Shah
The eldest son of Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, Tengku Idris Shah was born on 24th December 1945 in Klang.  Tengku Idris was proclaimed as the Raja Muda of Selangor in 1960. He was formally installed as the Raja Muda of Selangor on 14th October 1970. He was proclaimed as the Sultan of Selangor on 22nd November 2001. He was installed and proclaimed on 8th March 2003 at Istana Alam Shah Klang.

Saturday, November 3, 2012

About : Tunku Besar Seri Menanti of Negeri Sembilan

Tunku Ali Redhauddin ibni Tuanku Muhriz was born on 26th April 1977 in Kuala Lumpur is the current Tunku Besar Seri Menanti. Tunku Ali is the eldest son to the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan, Tuanku Muhriz. He received his early education at the Alice Smith School, Kuala Lumpur. He continued his secondary education at the Marlborough College,Wiltshire, United Kingdom.

Tunku Ali received the Cambridge Commonwealth Trust Fellowship and Sime Darby Scholarship and pursued his education at the University of Cambridge in 1995  in History, Social and Political Sciences and received BA (Hons) in 1998.

He was installed as the Tunku Besar Seri Menanti in 2009, succeeding his father who was installed as the Yang di-Pertuan Besar Negeri Sembilan.

He was conferred Darjah Kerabat Yamtuan Radin (DKYR) in 2009.

Sunday, October 7, 2012

About : Almarhumah Tengku Ampuan Rahimah

Tengku Rahimah binti Almarhum Sultan Abdul Aziz Abdul Jalil Rahmat Shah was born on 4th August 1927. Her father was the Sultan of Langkat that resided at Istana Tanjung Pura from 1894 to 1927 and passed away a month before Tengku Rahimah was born. His mother, Tengku Permaisuri Zaharah is the daughter to the fifth Sultan of Selangor, Sultan Ala'eddin Sulaiman Shah.

Tengku Rahimah was married to the Raja Muda of Selangor, Tengku Abdul Aziz on 10th March 1956.
Tengku Rahimah cutting the wedding cake with Tengku Abdul Aziz

Tengku Ampuan Rahimah was crowned as the Tengku Ampuan of Selangor at Istana Alam Shah, Klang on 28th June 1961.
Tengku Ampuan Rahimah during the coronation of Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah

She passed away on 27th June 1992 and was laid to rest at the Klang Royal Mausoleum

Saturday, August 25, 2012

The Royal Cityl in Malaysia

Istana Maziah, the official residence of the Sultan of Terengganu is located in Kuala Terengganu. Kuala Terengganu is the Royal Capital of Terengganu

Negeri Sembilan
Seri Menanti is the Royal Capital of Negeri Sembilan. Istana Besar Seri Menanti, the official palace of the Yang di-Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan also located here.

The Royal Capital of Johor is Muar. Before this, Muar is known as the Maharani Town but was declared as the Royal Capital by the current Sultan of Johor, Sultan Ibrahim.

Istana Iskandariah, the official palace of the Sultan of Perak is located in Kuala Kangsar, Perak. There are many interesting places to be visited if you are in the Royal Capital.

The royal capital of Perlis is Arau. The official palace of Perlis, Istana Arau  is located  here. The royal installation and official ceremonies are held in Arau.

Istana Arau, Perlis
Klang  is the royal capital of Selangor. Istana Alam  Shah  which is the official palace of the Sultan of Selangor also located in Klang.
Istana Alam  Shah

Saturday, June 30, 2012

About : Almarhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail

Raja Syed Harrun Putra ibni Syed Hassan Jamalullail was the son of Syed Hassan bin Syed Mahmud Jamalullail (1897–1935), sometime Bakal Raja or heir presumptive to the throne of Perlis, by his commoner wife Wan Teh binti Wan Endut (d. 1952). Born in Arau, he was educated at the Arau Malay School and later at Penang Free School between 1937 and 1939. At the age of 18, he joined the Perlis administrative service, becoming a magistrate and in 1940, was transferred to Kuala Lumpur to serve as Second Magistrate in the Criminal Court.

On December 4, 1945 the British proclaimed Syed Putra as sixth Raja of Perlis. He was installed on March 12, 1949.
Tuanku Syed Putra during his installation in 1949

Raja Syed Putra was elected Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong by the Malay rulers and served in that office from April 14, 1960 until the death of Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah on September 1, 1960.

Raja Syed Putra was elected third Yang di-Pertuan Agong of independent Malaya and served in that office from September 21, 1960. He was installed at Istana Negara on January 4, 1961. On September 16, 1963 upon the proclamation of the Malaysian Federation comprising MalayaBritish BorneoSarawak and Singapore, he became Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia. He completed his term of office on September 20, 1965.

He died at the National Heart Institute, Kuala Lumpur on April 16, 2000. At that time, he was the longest reigning monarch in the world, a position he inherited from Prince Franz Joseph II of Liechtenstein in 1989. He was buried at the Royal Mausoleum in ArauPerlis.

Tuanku Syed Putra married twice:

Maried in 1941 to Tengku Budriah binti Tengku Ismail of the Patani Sultanate in Thailand. She served as his consort with  the title of Raja Perempuan of Perlis and as Raja Permaisuri Agong. She is the mother of the current Raja of Perlis, Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin as well as four other sons and five daughters

and in 1952 to Che Puan Mariam (née Riam Pessayanavin; 1924–1985) by whom he had three sons and one daughter. She was Miss Thailand in 1939.

Friday, June 29, 2012

About : Almarhum Sultan Idris Iskandar Shah

He was born on 12 August 1924 in Kuala Kangsar, Perak, as the second son of Sultan Iskandar and Raja Teh Umi Kalsum.
Sultan Iskandar Shah (r. 1918-1938)
His father was a son of  Sultan Idris Murshidul'adzam Shah and a brother of Sultan Abdul Jalil. He was named Raja Idris at birth.
Sultan Idris Murshidul'adzam Shah 
(r. 1887-1916)
Sultan Abdul Jalil
(r. 1916-1918)
He was educated at Clifford School, Kuala Kangsar and later furthered his studies at the Malay College Kuala Kangsar. He was made Raja Di Hilir in 1933, succeeding the late Raja Chulanwho died that year. He was appointed Raja Bendahara in October 1938 upon the demise of his father. Ten years later, on 29 March 1948, the then sultan, Sultan Abdul Aziz, died and Raja Idris was made Raja Muda (Crown Prince) by his cousin, the new sultan, Sultan Yusuf Izzuddin Shah.
He married his cousin Raja Mazwin, the daughter of Raja Arif Shah Raja Harun, on 12 August 1943. Idris and Raja Mazwin are first cousins once removed. Idris's grandfather, Sultan Idris Shah I, is Raja Mazwin's great-grandfather. Among his children were:
      1. Raja Iskandar Dzulkarnain
      2. Raja Jamil Ariffin
      3. Raja Nazhatul Shima
      4. Raja Zarith Sofia (born 1959), married Sultan Ibrahim Ismail of Johor.
Sultan Idris Shah ii with his family
Upon the death of Sultan Yusuf on 5 January 1963, he was appointed as the 33rd Sultan of Perak with the reigning title - Sultan Idris Al-Mutawakkil Alallahi Shah Ibni Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kadassallah.
After reigning about twenty years, on 31 January 1984, Sultan Idris Shah II died suddenly in Lumut, Perak during a royal dinner ceremony with statesmen and other people. His funeral took place on 3 February 1984 and he was buried at the Al-Ghufran Royal Cemetery, Bukit Chandan, Kuala Kangsar, Perak.
He was succeeded by his first cousin once removed, Raja Tun Azlan Shah, upon his death.
Raja Tun Azlan Shah

Saturday, June 23, 2012

The differences between Tuanku, Tunku and Tengku.

Tuanku, Tunku and Tengku might be confusing for some of us because they have quite same pronunciation.

Tuanku is being used by the rulers who do not use the title Sultan like Yang di Pertuan Besar of Negeri Sembilan and Raja of Perlis. Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the Supreme Ruler of Malaysia is using the title Tuanku.

Tunku and Tengku are the hereditary titles in family that was inherited from their father who has the royal blood.

Tunku is being used by the prince or princess from the royal family of Johor, Kedah and Negeri Sembilan.

Tunku Mahkota of Johor, Tunku Ismail Ibrahim

Tengku is being used by the prince or princess from the royal family of Selangor, Pahang, Kelantan and Terengganu.

Raja Muda of Selangor, Tengku Amir Shah
posted from Bloggeroid

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong Installation Commerative Coins

In conjunction of the installation of Yang di-Pertuan Agong, National Bank of Malaysa released the commerative coins. There are three sets of coins gold, silver and nordic gold.

   The 999.9 gold coin with the mass of 7.96g is RM 1800 per piece and limited to 500 pieces.

    The 92.5 silver coin with the mass of 21g is RM 150 per piece and limited to 600 pieces.

     The nordic gold is RM 10 per piece and limited to 15000 pieces.

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Sunday, June 10, 2012

The Royal Headgear

Every State which have Malay Rulers (except for Johor) definitely will have a destar or tengkolok that being used in certain events.

Dendam Tak Sudah
The destar is being used since the first Paramount Ruler, Tuanku Abdul Rahman.

The ornament is made of platinum and studded with 66 diamonds. 
The destar is also being used in a few states in this country

On the front of the headgear there are padi design and the Kedah state crest. 

  Negeri Sembilan 

The ornament was made of white gold.

Setanjak Balung Raja
Sultan of Selangor headdress made ​​of yellow songket cloth . The destar is called Setanjak Balung Raja It is worn by the Sultan of Selangor during official state functions such as Coronation Day and the investiture ceremony. The design of this destar was taken from the destar of the Sultan of Perak, Setanjak Balung Ayam after the royal wedding between Selangor and Perak royals.

Belalai Gajah (Elephant Trunk)
The destar is being worn by the Sultan and Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Terengganu. The name of the destar was taken from the name of the elephant trunk because the headgear looks like an elephant trunk is inflated.

Balung Ayam
 The Balung Ayam headgear is being worn by the Sultan of Perak. The colour of the destar is dependant on the person's position. White is for the Sultan of Perak, yellow for the Crown Prince of Perak and black for the Raja di-Hilir of Perak.