Friday, January 25, 2013

Terengganu Sultanate : Part I

The Sultans of Terengganu

Sultan Zainal Abidin I
Sultan Zainal Abidin I, son of Tun Habib Abdul Majid(Johor's Bendahara) was the founder of the current Terengganu Royal House. Tun Zainal Abidin was installed in 1708. According to the Raja Ali Haji's book, Tuhfat al-Nafis, Tun Zainal Abidin was installed as the first Sultan of Terengganu when the Sultan of Johor Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah (Old Johor Sultanate) sent Daeng Menampuk(Raja Tua) to install Tun Zainal Abidin in 1725. Other sources state that Tun Zainal Abidin was installed by the King of Patani, Phra Nang Chau Yang.

Sultan Mansur I
Sultan Mansur I succeeded his father, Sultan Zainal Abidin I when he was just 7 years old in 1733.

Sultan Zainal Abidin II
Sultan Mansur I was succeeded by his son, Sultan Zainal Abidin II in 1794. There was war between Kelantan that was headed by the King of Kelantan, Long Muhammad. Terengganu was defeated by Kelantan and they managed to extricate themselves from the patronage of Terengganu.

Sultan Ahmad I (1808-1830)
After the demise of Sultan Zainal Abidin I in 1808, Sultan Ahmad I, the eldest son of him became the Sultan of Terengganu. Sultan Ahmad died in 1930.

Sultan Abdul Rahman (1830)
Sultan Abdul Rahman succeeded Sultan Ahmad I who was his eldest brother. However, Sultan Abdul Rahman died in 1830, the same year when he was proclaimed as the Sultan.

Sultan Daud ( 1830-1831)
The eldest son of Sultan Ahmad I ascended the throne of Terengganu after the death of Sultan Abdul Rahman. His reign was in a very short term as he died 40 days later.

Sultan Mansur II (1831-1837)

Sultan Muhammad (1837-1839)
Munshi Abdullah described Sultan Muhammad as unpopular and irresponsible and Sultan Muhammad was proclaimed as Sultan when he was just 15 years old.

Baginda Omar (1839-1876)
Tengku Omar became the Sultan of Terengganu after Sultan Muhammad was deposed as a Sultan.

Sultan Ahmad Shah II (1876-1881)
Sultan Ahmad Shah II, the nephew of Sultan Baginda Omar, ascended the throne in 1876. He died in 1881

Sultan Zainal Abidin III (1881-1918)
At the age of 17, the eldest son of Sultan Ahmad Shah II ascended the throne as Sultan Zainal Abidin III. He died in 1918 and was laid in rest in Kuala Terengganu.

Sultan Muhammad Shah II (1918-1920)
Sultan Zainal Abidin III's eldest son, Sultan Muhammad II ascended the throne in 1918.

Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah (1920-1942)
The second son of Sultan Zainal Abidin III succeeded his brother as Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah. Sultan Sulaiman died in 1942. The eldest son of him, Tengku Ali ascended the throne in 1942 during the Japanese Occupation. Tengku Ali was ceased to be Sultan on 5th November 1945.

Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah was born on 24th January 1907 as the son to the previous Sultan of Terengganu, Sultan Zainal Abidin III. He was proclaimed as the Sultan of Terengganu in 1945 and was installed in 1949. Sultan Ismail was elected as the fourth Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia on 21st September 1965.His son, Tengku Mahmud was proclaimed as the Regent of Terengganu during the tenure. His term ended in 1970.

Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah
Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah was born on 29th April 1930 in Kuala Terengganu. He was proclaimed as the Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Terengganu in 1950. He succeeded his father as the Sultan of Terengganu on 20th September 1979 and was crowned as the Sultan of Terengganu on 21st March 1980. Sultan Mahmud passed away on 14th Mei 1998 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Tengku Mizan.

Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Tengku Mizan ascended the throne of Terengganu in 1998 as Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin. Sultan Mizan is the eldest son to Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah. He was crowned as the Sultan of Terengganu on 4th March 1999. He was elected as the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong  in 1999. Sultan Mizan was elected as the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong for the second time in 2001. On 13th December 2006, Sultan Mizan was proclaimed as the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong after Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin ended his term. The installation was held on 26th April 2007 at National Palace. His term ended on 12th December 2011.