Sunday, December 15, 2013

Terengganu Sultanate : Part III

The Installation of Sultan of Terengganu

There are four main ceremonies on a single day consist of:

Royal Cleansing Ceremony (Istiadat Siram Tabal)
In the morning, the Sultan and his consort undergo Royal Cleansing Ceremony at a beautifully decorated royal dais called Panca Persada. The royal couple will be doused with several types of ceremonial water including the limau langir, gold water, silver water and floral water. A 21-gun salute signifies that the ceremony has been completed and the royal couple will leave the royal dais.


Coronation and inauguration ceremonies 
The entrance of the royal couple at the Throne room of the palace is accompanied by the Iskandar Shah tune (Nobat). The senior court official, Tengku Sri Raja seeks permissions in order to commence the coronation. Menteri Besar will read the proclamation of installation of the Sultan. Tengku Sri Raja will place the crown on the Sultan and the cheers of Daulat Tuanku (Hail the King) rings out three times in the Throne Room.

The ceremony is followed by the coronation of the official consort of the Sultan. A 21-gun salute and beating of the nobat to the tune Ibrahim Khalil to mark the start of the new Ruler's reign.The Sultan then makes his brief speech.

The event is followed by speeches presented by Tengku Sri Bendahara Raja and Menteri Besar on behalf of the royal family and the citizens of the State respectively to congratulate the new Ruler.

Pledge of loyalty ceremony
Pledge of loyalty ceremony granted to Tengku Sri Bendahara who represents the royal family, Deputy President of the Royal Advisory Council representing the members of council and other dignitaries.


Friday, March 22, 2013

Terengganu Sultanate : Part II

The Royal Regalia

Mahkota Duli
Mahkota Duli Yang Maha Mulia Sultan Terengganu
The Royal Crown was decorated with diamond gem. At the middle of the crown, there is a crescent moon and five-pointed stars that was inlaid with jewels. The crown was used during the coronation of the Sultan of Terengganu. It was first used during the coronation of Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah in 1920.

Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin during his coronation in 1999

Mahkota Bertanjak
The Crown with Headdress was made from the white gold that was decorated with gems. The emblem of the Sultan of Terengganu was located in the middle of the headdress. The crown is often used with the Royal Headdress that is known as Belalai Gajah. It was used during the coronation of Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah on 21st March 1981.

Sultan Mahmud was crowned by Tengku Seri Setia Raja in 1981

Royal Headdress
The emblem of the Sultan of Terengganu was located in the middle of the headdress. The headdress was used during the coronation of Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah.

Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin using the Royal Headdress during the opening of the State Assembly

Royal Waist Buckle
The royal waist buckle is made of gold and opal-shaped. At the middle of it there is the emblem of the Sultan of Terengganu. In 1949, it was used during the coronation of Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah.


Royal Long Keris
The royal long keris was the symbol of sovereignty of the Sultan of Terengganu. Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah used the keris during his coronation in 1949.



Friday, January 25, 2013

Terengganu Sultanate : Part I

The Sultans of Terengganu

Sultan Zainal Abidin I
Sultan Zainal Abidin I, son of Tun Habib Abdul Majid(Johor's Bendahara) was the founder of the current Terengganu Royal House. Tun Zainal Abidin was installed in 1708. According to the Raja Ali Haji's book, Tuhfat al-Nafis, Tun Zainal Abidin was installed as the first Sultan of Terengganu when the Sultan of Johor Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah (Old Johor Sultanate) sent Daeng Menampuk(Raja Tua) to install Tun Zainal Abidin in 1725. Other sources state that Tun Zainal Abidin was installed by the King of Patani, Phra Nang Chau Yang.

Sultan Mansur I
Sultan Mansur I succeeded his father, Sultan Zainal Abidin I when he was just 7 years old in 1733.

Sultan Zainal Abidin II
Sultan Mansur I was succeeded by his son, Sultan Zainal Abidin II in 1794. There was war between Kelantan that was headed by the King of Kelantan, Long Muhammad. Terengganu was defeated by Kelantan and they managed to extricate themselves from the patronage of Terengganu.

Sultan Ahmad I (1808-1830)
After the demise of Sultan Zainal Abidin I in 1808, Sultan Ahmad I, the eldest son of him became the Sultan of Terengganu. Sultan Ahmad died in 1930.

Sultan Abdul Rahman (1830)
Sultan Abdul Rahman succeeded Sultan Ahmad I who was his eldest brother. However, Sultan Abdul Rahman died in 1830, the same year when he was proclaimed as the Sultan.

Sultan Daud ( 1830-1831)
The eldest son of Sultan Ahmad I ascended the throne of Terengganu after the death of Sultan Abdul Rahman. His reign was in a very short term as he died 40 days later.

Sultan Mansur II (1831-1837)

Sultan Muhammad (1837-1839)
Munshi Abdullah described Sultan Muhammad as unpopular and irresponsible and Sultan Muhammad was proclaimed as Sultan when he was just 15 years old.

Baginda Omar (1839-1876)
Tengku Omar became the Sultan of Terengganu after Sultan Muhammad was deposed as a Sultan.

Sultan Ahmad Shah II (1876-1881)
Sultan Ahmad Shah II, the nephew of Sultan Baginda Omar, ascended the throne in 1876. He died in 1881

Sultan Zainal Abidin III (1881-1918)
At the age of 17, the eldest son of Sultan Ahmad Shah II ascended the throne as Sultan Zainal Abidin III. He died in 1918 and was laid in rest in Kuala Terengganu.

Sultan Muhammad Shah II (1918-1920)
Sultan Zainal Abidin III's eldest son, Sultan Muhammad II ascended the throne in 1918.

Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah (1920-1942)
The second son of Sultan Zainal Abidin III succeeded his brother as Sultan Sulaiman Badrul Alam Shah. Sultan Sulaiman died in 1942. The eldest son of him, Tengku Ali ascended the throne in 1942 during the Japanese Occupation. Tengku Ali was ceased to be Sultan on 5th November 1945.

Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah was born on 24th January 1907 as the son to the previous Sultan of Terengganu, Sultan Zainal Abidin III. He was proclaimed as the Sultan of Terengganu in 1945 and was installed in 1949. Sultan Ismail was elected as the fourth Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia on 21st September 1965.His son, Tengku Mahmud was proclaimed as the Regent of Terengganu during the tenure. His term ended in 1970.

Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah
Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah was born on 29th April 1930 in Kuala Terengganu. He was proclaimed as the Yang di-Pertuan Muda of Terengganu in 1950. He succeeded his father as the Sultan of Terengganu on 20th September 1979 and was crowned as the Sultan of Terengganu on 21st March 1980. Sultan Mahmud passed away on 14th Mei 1998 and was succeeded by his eldest son, Tengku Mizan.

Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
Tengku Mizan ascended the throne of Terengganu in 1998 as Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin. Sultan Mizan is the eldest son to Sultan Mahmud al-Muktafi Billah Shah. He was crowned as the Sultan of Terengganu on 4th March 1999. He was elected as the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong  in 1999. Sultan Mizan was elected as the Deputy Yang di-Pertuan Agong for the second time in 2001. On 13th December 2006, Sultan Mizan was proclaimed as the 13th Yang di-Pertuan Agong after Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin ended his term. The installation was held on 26th April 2007 at National Palace. His term ended on 12th December 2011.